Kidney Disease & Fasting during Ramadan:
Ramadan the holiest month of the Islamic calendar. Fasting during Ramadan carries great Ajar but remember Islam never permits self-harm. If you have a Kidney Disease and your physician does not recommend fasting during Ramadan then you must avoid it.
There are two types of kidney diseases, chronic and acute. Fasting avoided during acute kidney failure until it fully recovered. Chronic kidney disease a gradual loss of kidney function over a long period of time. It consists of 5 stages categorized according to the severity of the disease. To fast or not is dependent upon the condition of patients, their overall health, and the severity of kidney disease. Every patient is different and every patient should consult his/her physician before fasting. If allowed to fast, then great care must be exercised during this holy month.
Patients diagnosed with stage 3 or above of chronic kidney disease. should refrain from fasting as the kidneys at this stage of the disease can not maintain normal levels of body fluids. making them susceptible to further deterioration of kidney function and renal damage. Fasting for a few hours definitely causes dehydration so consult your physician before fasting and discuss the potential risk of fasting.
Dialysis patients should not fast on the days of dialysis. They may fast on dialysis free days if allowed by their physician. Kidney transplant patients should also refrain from fasting as complications may arise. If the transplant patients are also suffering from diabetes. They should avoid fasting or if allowed to fast. Then must fast under the close supervision of their doctor.
A healthy and balanced diet essential for kidney patients. consult your dietician about sehar and Iftar if you wish to fast. Your diet very important in safeguarding your kidneys against any potential risk. Kidney patients need more calories than healthy people so never miss Sehar meal.
A high quantity of sodium, phosphorus, and potassium must be avoided at any cost as these can cause further damage. Intake of these elements should be strictly monitored especially during Ramadan. Sodium is abundant in table salt and red meat. Potassium is more abundant in some vegetables and fruits. Tomatoes, potatoes, okra, green leafy vegetables. banana, oranges, apricots, dates, mangos, peach, and melons rich in potassium, so avoid eating these foods.
More about Kidney Disease & Fasting during Ramadan:
Phosphorus is abundant in beans, carbonated drinks, nuts, and dairy products. Avoid using these and take your phosphorus lowering medication regularly. Each kidney patient its own dietary requirements. If a pre-dialysis patient allowed to fast, he/she must limit protein intake. Increased protein intake can cause accumulation of urea and prompt kidney failure. On the other hand, a dialysis patient should maintain a high protein diet to compensate for the loss of amino acid during dialysis.
Fluid intake monitored if a kidney patient wishes to fast. In most cases, it should not exceed one liter after Iftar to avoid overburdening the heart and lungs. Dialysis patients may take up to 2 liters of fluid depending upon the recommendation of their physician.
Avoid long exposure to the sun, avoid salt intake, and limit your sweet and fatty foods intake.
If you feel any problem while fasting or want to get further information about your health-related issues, don’t hesitate to contact us at;
Dr. Faisal Dar Clinic Quaid e Azam Hospital Islamabad Pakistan
Call us at 0333-1027351-52