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Bile Duct Infection after Liver Transplant


Liver transplantation is considered one of the major life-saving inventions in the history of medical science. This procedure gives hope of life to the individuals with end-stage liver disease. While the surgery itself is a major milestone in the journey to recovery, it’s important to understand and realize that there can certainly be complications afterward.

Bile duct infections, though relatively uncommon, are one such complication that recipients of liver transplants should be aware of. In this article, we will find out the root causes, symptoms, and treatment of bile duct infections post-liver transplant procedure.

What are the Bile Ducts & and why are they Important?

Before delving into bile duct infections, let’s grasp the concept and significance of bile ducts in our digestive system. Bile ducts are the small passages that are responsible for transporting bile from the liver to the small intestine, where it helps in the digestion of fats. In the context of liver transplantation, these ducts play a critical role in ensuring that the new liver functions properly.

Causes of Bile Duct Infections after Liver Transplant

Surgical Complications

During the liver transplant surgery, the surgeon needs to carefully connect the bile ducts of the donor’s liver to those of the recipient. Any issues during this process, such as leakage or strictures (narrowing), can lead to bile duct infections after the liver transplant procedure.

Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

This is a common complication after liver transplantation, where the blood supply to the bile ducts may be compromised during surgery, leading to tissue damage and potential infection.


Rejection of the transplanted liver by the recipient’s immune system can also cause inflammation and damage to the bile ducts, which eventually increases the risk of biliary infections.

Symptoms of Bile Duct Infections

Bile duct infections or biliary infections can also be termed cholangitis. It can show up with various symptoms that include;

Abdominal Pain

Patients may experience pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, where the liver is located.

Fever & Chills

Cholangitis often causes fever and chills, indicating an inflammatory response in the body.


Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice) can occur when bile flow is impaired.

Dark Urine & Pale Stools

Changes in urine color and pale stools may result from disrupted bile flow.

Nausea & Vomiting

Digestive symptoms like nausea and vomiting may also be present.


General weakness and fatigue can be attributed to the infection and its effects on the liver.

Treatment Options for Bile Duct Infections

When a patient experiences symptoms suggestive of bile duct infection after a liver transplant, prompt medical attention is crucial and of high importance. Its treatment typically involves a combination of the following approaches;


In most cases, the primary treatment for bile duct infections is a course of antibiotics to combat the underlying infection.

Biliary Drainage

In some instances, biliary drainage procedures may be necessarily performed to relieve pressure on the bile ducts, remove any blockages, and ensure proper bile flow. This can involve the placement of stents or other minimally invasive interventions.

Revision Surgery

In severe cases or when complications persist, revision surgery may be required to repair damaged bile ducts or address any anatomical issues that contribute to the infection.

Immunosuppression Adjustment

If the infection is related to rejection of the transplanted liver, adjustments to the patient’s immunosuppressive medications may be necessary to stabilize the immune response.

Preventing Bile Duct Infections

While not all bile duct infections can be prevented, there are steps that can help minimize the risk;

Medical Advice

Adherence to the prescribed medications and follow-up appointments is important for preventing rejection and monitoring the post-transplant health condition of the patient.

Report Symptoms Promptly

Any signs of infection, including abdominal pain, fever, or changes in stool or urine color, should be reported to your transplant surgeon and his team immediately.

Regular Check-ups

Regular post-transplant follow-up check-ups, screening, and imaging studies can help identify potential issues before they become severe.


Liver transplantation is a remarkable medical achievement that can offer a new lease on life to individuals with end-stage liver disease. However, the journey to recovery is not without its challenges. Bile duct infections, though relatively rare, are one such challenge that recipients may face.

Timely recognition, treatment, and preventive measures can help minimize the impact of bile duct infections and improve the overall success of liver transplantation. If you or any one of your loved ones, has undergone a liver transplant, it’s essential to stay vigilant and ensure open communication with the transplant team to ensure the best possible outcome.

What if Liver Cysts turn into Tumor

What if Liver Cysts turn into Tumor?



Liver cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop within the liver. In most cases, these cysts are benign and don’t cause any symptoms or health issues. However, with the passage of time, there is a lingering concern and the possibility of liver cysts turning into tumors.

In this article, we’ll try to dig out the connection between liver cysts and cancerous tumors, the potential risks involved, the steps we can take for early detection of any possible development of tumor, and the cautions we can follow to prevent any such thing from taking cancerous shape.

What are Liver Cysts?

Liver cysts are fluid-filled sacs that appear on your liver. Initially, nearly all liver cysts are benign (noncancerous) and can vary in size from small, barely noticeable sacs to larger cysts that can be several inches in diameter. It is to be noted here that few cysts grow large enough to cause symptoms, but that doesn’t mean they are cancerous.

Besides, some liver cysts are also caused by an inherited disorder that may be treated through medication. Liver cysts are often detected incidentally during routine medical imaging tests, such as ultrasounds or CT scans, performed for unrelated health concerns.

Most liver cysts are classified into two types:

Simple Liver Cysts

Simple cysts are the most common type of liver cysts and typically don’t cause symptoms or any kind of complications. Simple liver cysts are usually benign and rarely develop into tumors.

Polycystic Liver Disease

This is a rare inherited condition where multiple cysts develop within the liver. While it can cause symptoms and may lead to liver enlargement, the risk of these cysts becoming cancerous is still relatively low. However, polycystic liver disease, if left untreated, can cause your liver to convert into liver cirrhosis.

What are the Risks of Liver Cysts Turning into Tumors

In most of the cases, the liver cysts remain non-cancerous and do not progress into tumors. However, there are some factors that may increase the risk of complications;

Size & Number of Cysts

Larger cysts, a higher number of cysts, and a longer history of cysts present in the liver may slightly elevate the risk of developing complications. Such complications do include the possibility of cysts becoming tumors.


Liver cysts tend to become more common as you age. However, the risk of cysts turning into tumors remains relatively low.

Polycystic Liver Disease

Patients with polycystic liver disease are at a higher risk of developing complications due to the large number of cysts in their liver. However, the risk of developing tumors increases if you have Polycystic Liver Disease.

Caution & Screening

Although liver cysts rarely turn into tumors, it’s important to take precautions and remain proactive and cautious about your liver health.

Regular Check-ups

If you have liver cysts, make sure to schedule regular check-ups with your healthcare provider. They can monitor the size and number of cysts over time.

Healthy Lifestyle

Our first priority should be our focus on our health. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and limiting alcohol consumption, can keep your liver in good shape.

Don’t Delay Treatment

In some cases, large or symptomatic liver cysts may require treatment. Treatment options may include drainage procedures or even surgical removal if necessary, and as per your healthcare practitioner’s recommendations.

Screening for Polycystic Liver Disease

If you have a family history of polycystic liver disease, make sure to get yourself screened regularly for genetic testing.


While there is a minimal risk of liver cysts turning into tumors, it’s crucial to approach this concern with accurate information and a proactive mindset. Most liver cysts remain harmless and benign throughout a person’s life. By maintaining regular communication with your healthcare provider and adopting a healthy lifestyle, you can reduce any potential risks and ensure the ongoing health of your liver. Remember, early detection and prompt medical attention can address any complications that may arise from liver cysts, providing you with peace of mind and optimal liver health.

Impact of Consuming Plums & Prunes on Health

Impact of Consuming Plums & Prunes on Health


A plum is a sweet, juicy fruit that is mostly found in the market in the summer. A plum is quite juicy and one of the tastiest of all fruits we consume. To the best of your knowledge, this fruit is obtained from a small shrub plant that is vastly grown all over the world, mainly in China, Japan, the US, and Europe.

You might also be thinking about the dried prunes. They’re nothing but the dehydrated form of plums. Both the plums and prunes have numerous health benefits and are widely known for their high content profile of phytonutrients that function as antioxidants in the body. Extremely nutritious, plums are also rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, as well as antioxidants that may help reduce the risk of several chronic diseases, including constipation and osteoporosis.

Nutrient Values of Plums & Prunes


Plums are relatively low in calories but contain a fair number of important vitamins and minerals. One plum contains the following nutrients;

Calories       30
Carbs          8 g
Fiber            1 g
Sugars        7 g
Vitamin A     5% of the RDI
Vitamin C     10% of the RDI
Vitamin K     5% of the RDI
Potassium   3% of the RDI
Copper        2% of the RDI
Manganese  2% of the RDI

Additionally, one plum provides a small amount of B vitamins, phosphorus, and magnesium.


By weight, prunes are higher in calories than plums. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of prunes contains the following;

Calories       67
Carbs          18 g
Fiber            2 g
Sugars        11 g
Vitamin A     4% of the RDI
Vitamin K     21% of the RDI
Vitamin B2   3% of the RDI
Vitamin B3   3% of the RDI
Vitamin B6   3% of the RDI
Potassium   6% of the RDI
Copper        4% of the RDI
Manganese  4% of the RDI
Magnesium  3% of the RDI
Phosphorus 2% of the RDI

Overall, the vitamin and mineral content of one serving of plums and prunes differs slightly. Prunes contain more vitamins than plums and are somewhat higher in vitamins B and minerals. In addition, prunes are higher in calories, fiber, and carbs than fresh plums.

Summarizing the nutrient values of plums and prunes, the vitamin and mineral content in them differs slightly, but both are fully packed with nutrients. Additionally, prunes contain more calories, fiber, and carbs than fresh plums.

Health Benefits

Did you know? Plums reduce the harmful effects of free radicals and protect against health conditions like asthma, arthritis, heart stroke, and even cancer. Other health benefits of plums include relief from indigestion, influenza infection, and anxiety-related problems. The antioxidant elements in plums may also greatly help in treating health disorders like osteoporosis, macular degeneration, diabetes, and obesity.

What do these antioxidants actually do? These antioxidants are mostly useful in cutting down the effects of the vicious oxygen radical called superoxide anion radical. Besides, these antioxidants are also known to keep away from oxygen-based damage to fats, such as fats that include extensive parts of the brain cells or neurons.

Antioxidants-enriched plums & prunes are helpful for reducing inflammation and protecting your cells from damage by free radicals. The reason behind such a protective characteristic of antioxidants is the fact that they’re particularly high in polyphenol antioxidants, which have positive effects on bone health. These polyphenol antioxidants may help reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes.

  1. Effectiveness against Cancer Growth

Some studies indicate that plum is helpful against cancer. Plums have their efficiency against the development of cancer cells. This fruit mostly reduces the risk of breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and respiratory tract cancers. According to the studies, a reddish pigment in the fruit, anthocyanins, protects the person against cancer by eliminating the free radicals. It is to be noted here that the vitamin-A elements in the plums help fight against oral and cavity cancer as well.

Relieve Constipation

Do you often complain about constipation? Well, consuming plums and prunes could help you get rid of this disorder. Preventing constipation is one of the major health benefits that plums and prunes have to offer. This is partly due to the high amount of fiber present in them, as a single prune provides 1 gram of fiber.

The fiber in prunes is mostly insoluble, which means it does not blend with water. This characteristic plays a role in preventing constipation by adding bulk to your stool and may speed up the rate at which waste moves through your digestive tract. It’s not over yet. Additionally, plums and prunes’ juice contain sorbitol, which is a sugar alcohol with natural laxative effects.

Always keep in mind that eating prunes has been shown to be more effective at treating constipation than many other types of laxatives, such as psyllium, which is a type of fiber often used for constipation relief. Moreover, one must not forget, that eating too many prunes at once may lead to undesirable effects, such as diarrhea.

Improve Heart Health

Cardiac conditions have become more concerning over recent times. To prevent ourselves from such a risky health condition, we must consume a healthy diet. In this regard, consuming plums and prunes on a regular basis have been found to have a protective effect on heart health.

It has been studied that plums and prunes have the potential to reduce high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which are major risk factors for heart disease. The positive effects of plums & prunes appear to have on heart disease risk factors are likely due to their high content of fiber, potassium & antioxidants.

Promote Bone Health

Some studies have suggested that consuming prunes reduces the risk of debilitating bone conditions such as osteoporosis and osteopenia, which are characterized by low bone density. Not only have prunes been shown to prevent bone loss, but they may also have the potential to reverse the bone loss that has already occurred.

Additionally, research also suggests that consuming prunes may also increase the levels of certain hormones that are involved in bone formation. Prunes also contain several vitamins and minerals that have bone-protective effects, including vitamin K, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. It is evident that if compared to other fruits, prunes appear to be the most effective at preventing and reversing bone loss.

Lower Blood Sugar Levels

Knowing about the risks of diabetes and its long-term complications, it would be the last chronic condition you would ever want to suffer from. With the incorporation of fast food into our diet, the number of patients suffering from diabetes all over the world has risen considerably.

It should be our top priority to consume not only a healthy diet but a such that doesn’t appear to cause a substantial rise in blood sugar levels. In this regard, plums and prunes, despite being fairly high in carbs, do not cause a rise in blood sugar levels after they’re eaten.

This is attributed to their potential to increase levels of adiponectin, a hormone that plays a role in blood sugar regulation. Additionally, the fiber in plums may be partly responsible for their effects on blood sugar.

Fiber slows the rate at which your body absorbs carbs after a meal, causing blood sugar to rise gradually, rather than spike. This is why consuming fruits like plums and prunes is associated with a lowered risk of type 2 diabetes.

Rich in Antioxidants

The properties of plums & prunes being rich in antioxidants, are helpful for reducing inflammation and protecting your cells from damage by free radicals. Because of the high amount of polyphenol antioxidants, plums have positive effects on bone health and may help reduce the risk of several chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.

Great Source of Iron

Anemia occurs when the body doesn’t have enough red blood cells, which iron helps to make. Shortness of breath, irritability, and fatigue all are signs of mild anemia. Drinking prunes’ juice is a great source of iron and can also certainly help to prevent and treat iron deficiency.

Polycystic liver disease (PLD): Symptoms & Health Impact

What is polycystic liver disease?

Polycystic liver disease:

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, in the liver. These cysts can range in size from a few millimeters to more than 20 centimeters and can cause the liver to become enlarged and distorted.

PLD can occur in isolation, or it can be associated with other conditions such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD) or autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In the latter case, PLD is often referred to as autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD).

What are the Symptoms of Polycystic Liver Disease?

Symptoms of Polycystic Liver Disease:

Many people with PLD have no symptoms, and the condition is often discovered incidentally during imaging tests performed for other reasons. However, as the cysts grow and the liver becomes enlarged, it can cause a range of symptoms, including:

Abdominal pain:

This is the most common symptom of PLD, and it can range from mild discomfort to severe, debilitating pain. The pain is often described as a dull ache in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and may be worsened by eating or physical activity.

Abdominal swelling:

As the liver enlarges, it can cause the abdomen to swell or become distended. This may be noticeable as a bulge or protrusion in the belly.

Nausea and vomiting:

PLD can cause feelings of nausea and may lead to vomiting, especially after eating a large meal.


In rare cases, PLD can cause jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. This occurs when the cysts compress the bile ducts in the liver, leading to a buildup of bilirubin (a waste product) in the blood.

Shortness of breath:

In very severe cases, PLD can cause the liver to push against the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen), making it difficult to breathe.

How does Polycystic Liver Disease affect your overall health?

PLD can have a significant impact on a person’s overall health and quality of life, particularly as the cysts grow and the liver becomes more enlarged. Here are some ways that PLD can affect your health:

Decreased liver function:

As the cysts grow and the liver becomes more distorted, it can affect the liver’s ability to function properly. This can lead to a range of complications, including jaundice, ascites (fluid buildup in the abdomen), and liver failure.

Pain and discomfort:

As mentioned above, abdominal pain is a common symptom of PLD and can be quite severe. This can lead to decreased quality of life and limitations in daily activities.

Digestive problems:

PLD can cause digestive problems such as nausea, vomiting, and difficulty digesting food. This can lead to weight loss and malnutrition if left untreated.

Respiratory problems:

In severe cases, PLD can cause compression of the diaphragm, leading to difficulty breathing and respiratory distress.

Psychological impact:

Living with a chronic illness like PLD can be stressful and can take a toll on a person’s mental health. Many people with PLD report feelings of anxiety, depression, and isolation.

What is Treatment for Polycystic Liver Disease?

Treatment for Polycystic Liver Disease:

There is no cure for PLD, but treatment options are available to help manage symptoms and slow the growth of the cysts. Here are some of the treatment options that may be recommended:

Pain management:

Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be recommended to help manage abdominal pain.

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of multiple cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, in the liver. These cysts can vary in size from a few millimeters to more than 20 centimeters and can cause the liver to become enlarged and distorted. PLD can occur alone, or it can be associated with other conditions such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD) or autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

PLD affects both men and women equally, and it is estimated to affect between 1 in 1000 and 1 in 10000 people worldwide. It is usually diagnosed in adulthood, but it can occur at any age.

Causes of Polycystic Liver Disease:

PLD is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in one of several genes involved in regulating cell growth and division. The specific genes involved vary depending on the type of PLD. For example, mutations in the PRKCSH and SEC63 genes have been associated with autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD), while mutations in the PKD1 and PKD2 genes are associated

with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and ADPKD.

The mutations in these genes cause an abnormal proliferation of cells in the liver, leading to the formation of cysts. The cysts grow over time and can eventually cause the liver to become enlarged and distorted.


Treatment Options:

Treatment options for PLD depend on the severity of the disease and the symptoms that a person is experiencing. In some cases, no treatment is necessary, and the disease can be managed through regular monitoring and lifestyle changes. However, in more severe cases, treatment may be necessary to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and improve quality of life


Here are some of the treatment options that may be recommended:

Lifestyle changes:

Making certain lifestyle changes can help manage PLD symptoms and prevent complications. For example, avoiding alcohol and caffeine, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise can all be beneficial.

Pain management:

Pain is a common symptom of PLD, and pain management strategies may be recommended to help alleviate discomfort. Over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help manage mild to moderate pain, while prescription pain medication may be necessary for more severe pain.

Drainage procedures: In some cases, cysts may need to be drained to alleviate pain or prevent complications. This can be done through a procedure called percutaneous aspiration or sclerotherapy, in which a needle is inserted into the cyst and the fluid is drained. This can be done under ultrasound guidance to ensure the needle is properly placed.


Surgery may be necessary to remove large cysts or to alleviate symptoms that are not responding to other treatments. There are several surgical options for PLD, including laparoscopic cyst fenestration, which involves creating a small opening in the cyst to drain it, or liver resection, which involves removing a portion of the liver containing cysts.

Liver transplant:

In very severe cases of PLD, a liver transplant may be necessary to replace the damaged liver with a healthy liver from a donor. This is typically reserved for cases in which the liver is failing and other treatments have been unsuccessful.

It’s important to note that PLD is a chronic condition, and there is currently no cure. Treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and preventing complications. Regular monitoring is important to ensure that the disease is not progressing and that any complications are caught early and treated appropriately.

In addition to these treatment options, there are several ongoing research studies aimed at developing new treatments for PLD. These include studies of new drugs that may help slow the growth of cysts, as well as studies of gene therapy and other novel approaches to treating the disease.

polycystic liver disease is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of multiple cysts in the liver. While many people with PLD have no symptoms, the disease can cause abdominal pain, swelling, nausea, and other digestive problems as the cysts grow and the liver becomes enlarged.

While there is currently no cure for PLD, ongoing research is aimed at developing new treatments to help manage the disease and improve the quality of life for those living with it.

Health Benefits of Persimmon



The Japanese fruit is called different names such as Amlok Japanese

fruit and Persimmon in English. Persimmon looks very beautiful and

pleasant to look at. Its shape is similar to a tomato but the only difference

is that this tomato is red and the Japanese fruit is orange in color.

Persimmon is very easy to eat, its taste is sweet and the pulp is extremely soft.

It is famous all over Pakistan for its qualities.

Some people get old before their age due to the wrong diet or due to many diseases in the body.

This fruit contains vitamins and antioxidants that enhance our

health as well as our beauty and prevents premature aging.

Good health ensures a sound mind and a healthy body.

This fruit is rich in nutrients like protein, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, etc. Japanese fruit peel is also rich in natural nutrients.

According to the Pakistani climate, cultivation of this fruit is better here and it is cultivated on a large scale. Therefore, the cultivation of this fruit is increasing day by day. This fruit is from some villages in Pakistan, first, it was cultivated in China, then it was cultivated in Japan, and in Pakistan, it was exported from Japan, which is why this fruit is called Japanese fruit.

This fruit is a winter fruit.

Japanese fruit is also cultivated in the Kashmir and Swat regions of Pakistan.

The effect of Japanese fruit is hot in the mood, so this fruit should be eaten in moderation. Always eat this fruit ripe as raw fruit can be harmful. The fruit is abundant in Kashmir. These fruits are also useful in making various dishes and puddings

Amazing Health Benefits of persimmon

Persimmons are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which each provide important health benefits. For example, vitamin C helps support the immune system and protect against heart disease.

Eating this fruit reduces back pain. Complaints of back pain are seen more in women, so they should eat Japanese fruit like other fruits to get rid of back pain easily.

Especially when a woman gives birth to a child, her back often has pain because of the

injections in the back and the pain in the lower back is immense, due to which women cannot perform their daily tasks well. get Whether the pain is minor or major, these pains can be avoided with medical treatment as well as home remedies.

     1. For Sore Throat

It is beneficial in sore throat and sore throat. Often due to colds, our throat becomes dry and a dry cough occurs which is also quite painful. In case of a cold, feed Japanese fruit to children and adults, it can be used to get rid of

sore throat.

  1. Useful in Appendicitis

Appendicitis patients should eat this fruit; it will reduce the disease. Many people who are suffering from a severe painful disease like appendicitis have to eat many things because the intensity of the pain is unbearable. Is.

Therefore, take care of your diet as much as possible and make it mandatory to use this fruit in your diet. It not only helps to fight one disease but also protects against many diseases in the body.

  1. Removes Physical Weakness

It is very useful for all people who are busy with work all day. In today’s busy time, every person is busy with work so everyone is tired after work and not able to prepare themselves for the next work but this fruit contains minerals that make our body strong. and provide agility for everyday work.

It increases our immunity. Leads to the removal of weakness. Removes weakness in the body, and strengthens the body to fight against many dangerous diseases.

This fruit is also considered special for male potency and they eat it with

great enthusiasm.

The Japanese fruit i.e., Amulek is rich in sugars and fructose which energizes the body and also reduces the effects of stress and lethargy. Very useful for children and adults participating in sports.

  1. Improves Eyesight

The compounds found in this fruit give strength to our eyes, especially this fruit is very useful for people who have already damaged eyes but they want our eyes not to deteriorate further. The usefulness of this fruit is a natural gift.

  1. Use in Blood Pressure Disease

Japanese fruit is rich in potassium which is useful for patients with high blood pressure. Its use keeps high blood pressure under control. The use of this fruit in fruits does a complete job of delivering blood to every part of the body. It has been proved by research that using Japanese fruit can easily get rid of diseases like high blood pressure.

  1. Proven to be Beneficial in Cancer

Being an excellent source of antioxidants to prevent cancer, this fruit scavenges free radicals that destroy our healthy cells and cause major diseases like


They damage the cells first and then eventually lead to cancer. But the

vitamin A and botulinic acid in the Japanese fruit increase its ability to

fight cancer.

  1. For Muscles and joints of the body

Muscle stiffness from strenuous physical activity and



1)Persimmons are also high in soluble dietary fiber, which

slows the digestion of carbohydrates, preventing spikes in blood sugar.


2) Eating this fruit reduces back pain. Complaints of back pain are seen more in women, so they should eat Japanese fruit like other fruits to get rid of back pain easily.

3) The effect of Japanese fruit is hot in the mood, so this fruit should be eaten in moderation. Always eat this fruit ripe as raw fruit can be harmful







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