Pakistan Kidney & Liver Institute & Research Centre (PKLI-RC) Monday-Friday 09:00 am - 05:00 pm

Category Archives: Health care

best treatment for obesity


Obesity, its Causes and best Treatment for Obesity

Obesity is not only the enemy of your beauty but also the enemy of your health. It can even kill you.

Like other countries in the world, the people of Pakistan also face health problems due to obesity. Although no figures are available, experts say an estimated one-third of the country’s population is overweight.

Not only that, but 10 to 15% of the country’s total population, or more than 20 million people, are regularly obese.


What is Obesity?

Obesity is a physical condition of the human body in which body fat is formed and weight gain occurs.


Does everyone who eats too much fat Will Be Obese?


This is generally true, but not necessarily. Why is it that two people who eat the same diet and both do not exercise, one of them is thin and the other is fat?

To date, experts have not been able to give a satisfactory answer to the question of why some people are obese. There have been many studies on whether a person is obese or gains weight, and whenever a new cause emerges, it is often thought that a person’s lifestyle, overeating or sitting or sleeping all the time live in. Staying alive and not exercising can lead to weight gain and obesity. But it is also a fact that some people in the world eat all kinds of food, do no X-rays, including sitting for long periods but still do not become obese.


Problems Due to Obesity.

Obesity certainly causes many problems. Obesity is also a major cause of death in developed countries, including developing countries. An estimated 70% of people worldwide are obese or overweight.


People who are obese or want to lose weight prefer to stay hungry longer and do different exercises.

Every human body is different. Everyone’s ability to absorb nutrients and distribute food throughout the body is also unique. We all know how to gain weight. We start gaining weight when we start eating more calories than we need, but why do we start eating more than we need? Because sometimes there is a sudden urge to eat high-calorie items like chocolate or cake.

However, we know that after a while we will regret it. Obesity is always the result of overeating. (If there is no disease). If the amount of energy in our food is more than the amount of energy, that we use daily, then this extra amount keeps accumulating in our body in the form of fat and leads to weight gain. So, it is better to exercise properly with it.


Live a Life Without Obesity


The following steps are essential to prevent obesity and lead a healthy life

  • An active lifestyle
  • Daily exercise
  • A balanced diet
  • Seven to eight hours of restful sleep
  • proper medication in case of any illness
  • A medical checkup once or twice a year.
  • Taking the above steps can lead you to a healthier life.


Some Prominent Causes of Obesity


  • Overeating

    Obesity is always the result of overeating. (If there is no disease)۔
  • Stress

Experts have also found evidence that stress is a major cause of obesity. When we are under a lot of pressure,               our sleep is bad, so we feel hungrier and eat something to relax and the blood sugar level is also affected.

  • Smoking

Smoking affects the respiratory system, reducing the use of oxygen. As a result, appetite increases and weight              gain begins.

  • The cause of family genes

Some families have unhealthy genes that cause increased appetite and that can lead to obesity

  • Habits and customs

Some family habits and eating habits can lead to obesity.

What can be Done to Prevent Obesity?

From what we eat and drink, we need to know how much food our body needs. You should eat when you are hungry. If you are still hungry, you should stop eating. It is such a great principle that those who adopt it are very harmonious, active, active, and very active. All their senses work perfectly and they do not get tired.

Recommended Calories

A healthy person, no matter how much he weighs, needs about 2,000 calories a day. If you have to sit in the office all day or do something that doesn’t take much effort, on the other hand, a laborer picks up sacks or shakes the fields, burns more calories than the first person needs. Will be. The sign of hard work is that the body starts sweating and the pulse rate increases, the speed of breathing increases. In this case, we can say that more energy or more calories were used.

keep your Calories to a minimum to lose Weight

Take your weight in pounds and multiply by 12 to find out how many calories you need to consume in a day. Multiplying the weight of 100 pounds by 12 gives 1200. That means you have to eat 1200 calories a day. If you keep your calories to a minimum to lose weight, you will lose weight. This rule is for men. Women will reduce their calorie intake by 6%. That is, for a hundred pounds.


breast cancer

Breast cancer ! A rapidly spreading disease in women

Breast Cancer

According to the WHO, about 500,000 women died of breast cancer worldwide in 2011. Breast cancer is now the leading cause of cancer in women worldwide.

Breast cancer in Pakistan is still lower than in the developed world, but the difference is that it is detected here when the disease has increased and therefore treatment becomes difficult.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), breast cancer cases are on the rise in developing countries as the average age there is increasing, people are living in cities and living a Western-style lifestyle.

Why Breast Cancer Occurs?

According to a study, there are many reasons why breast cancer occurs, including prolonged menstruation and the birth of the first child in old age, i.e., the excess of estrogen hormone in the body is dangerous. But mothers who breastfeed their babies are safer than breast cancer.

According to experts, most cases of cancer cannot be prevented, but if the disease is detected in time, the death rate from cancer can be greatly reduced and the quality of life can be improved for the rest. Symptoms of Breast Cancer.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

The best way to diagnose is mammography, but according to health experts, women should take care that no lumps are felt in their breasts, breast size does not change, nipples are not ‘upside down. That is, it is not going in, no F is flowing from the nipple, there is no swelling or lump in the armpit and there is no pain or discomfort in the chest which is not healing. These can be symptoms of breast cancer.

Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

To diagnose breast cancer, mammography is used to diagnose breast tumors before they grow.

Mammography is an X-ray specific to the diagnosis of breast cancer that diagnoses the lumps in the breast and thus prevents its spread.

In the first stage of breast cancer, a lump is built in the breast which is small in size and causes pain.


Mammography is an X-ray specific to the diagnosis of breast cancer that diagnoses the lumps in the breast and thus prevents its spread. For women, regular screening is the most effective way to prevent death from breast cancer.

Barriers to Timely Diagnosis and Management of Breast Cancer

Elements such as poverty, illiteracy, and ignorance delay the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Geographical, social, and cultural barriers exacerbate the situation. For example, the remoteness of large hospitals, socio-economic conditions, cultural norms, and lack of awareness of the symptoms of cancer are some of the problems that exacerbate the problem. Therefore, tremendous results can be achieved by recognizing and removing these barriers and launching a national breast cancer program.


Breast cancer does not end life. It is a dangerous disease but it can be controlled if diagnosed in time. All that is needed is awareness.

In the first stage of breast cancer, a lump forms in the breast which is small and causes pain. The first stage determines that the cancer is now damaging the tissues independently.


benefits of plums

Health Benefits of Plums


Scientific Name “ Prunus domes “ Wonderfully delicious and juicy, plums botanically belong to the Rosaceae family of “drupe” fruits in the genus, Prunus.

Other fellow Prunus members include peaches, nectarine, almonds, and damson.

The plant is best described as a small tree or large shrub. It is widely cultivated at a commercial scale in the United States, Europe, Japan, and China. Several cultivars of plums are grown all over the world which differ in their color, size, and growth characteristics. Generally, each variety of the plum tree bears numerous, almost same-sized berries between May and September months.

Plum is found in the northern parts of Pakistan in summer. And so it is considered to be the most easily available fruit in the country, especially the fruit with many health benefits.


Plums have a sweet and tart taste with a pleasant aroma.

Health Benefits of Plums

Benefits of Plums, Medically, this fruit has innumerable benefits

1-Plums are low in calories (46 calories per 100 g) and contain no saturated fats; however, they hold numerous health-promoting compounds, antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins.

2-Certain health benefiting compounds present in the plums such as dietary fiber, sorbitol, and isatin have been found to help regulate the smooth digestive system functioning, and thereby, help relieve constipation problems.

3-The total antioxidant strength of plums measured in terms of ORAC (Oxygen radical absorbance capacity) is 6259 µmol TE/100 g. Fresh berries are a modest source of Vitamin C which is also a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in Vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents, counter inflammation and scavenge harmful free radicals.

4-Consumption of natural fruits rich in vitamin-A has been found to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

5-The fruit also has health-promoting flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidants such as lutein, cryptoxanthin, and zeaxanthin in significant amounts. These compounds help act as scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease processes.

6-Zeaxanthin, an important dietary carotenoid selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it is thought to provide antioxidant and protective UV light-filtering functions.

7-Plums are plentiful in minerals like potassium, fluoride, and iron. Iron is required for red blood cell formation. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.

8-Also, they are modest sources of B-complex groups of vitamins such as niacin or B vitamin,

vitamin B-6, and pantothenic acid. These vitamins act as cofactors that help the body metabolize carbohydrates, protein, and fats. They also provide about 5% RDA levels of Vitamin-K. Vitamin-K is essential for the functioning of many clotting factors in the blood vessels as well as in bone metabolism. It also helps in limiting the neuronal damage in Alzheimer’s disease patients.

Benefits of Fresh Plums

Fresh plums especially yellow Mirabelle, are a moderate source of vitamin-A and β -carotene. Vitamin-A is essential for good eyesight. It is also required for maintaining a healthy tissue layer and skin

 Benefits of Dried Plums

Dried plums have many benefits. Dried Plums are very popular in food because of their sweet and sour taste. As well as taste and delight, it is also rich in amazing benefits. Dried plums are rich in vitamin K, iron, fiber, potassium, and beta-carotene.

Dried plums juice helps in eliminating iron deficiency in the body. Iron deficiency causes a decrease in red blood cells which causes anemia. Half a cup of aloe plums juice provides three milligrams of iron to the body. In this way, the problem of anemia can be easily dealt with.

This dried fruit is rich in potassium to ensure proper heart function. Potassium is used to keep blood pressure normal and reduces the risk of diseases such as heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and stroke. Dried plum helps meet the body’s potassium requirement.

Selection and Storage

Plums can be available year-round, but they are at their best between May until September. In the stores, look for fresh fruits featuring rich color and may still have a slight whitish “bloom” on their surface, an indication of a fresh harvest.

Avoid those with excess softness or with cuts or bruises. Ripe fruits just yield to gentle pressure and should feature a sweet aroma.

Slightly hard, but mature plums can be kept at room temperature until they completely ripen. Once ready, place them in the refrigerator, but should be brought back to room temperature just before eating them, which brings out their rich, natural flavor.

Side Effects of Plums

Plums contain oxalic acid, a naturally occurring substance found in some fruits and vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some individuals. Therefore, people with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating plums. Adequate intake of water is advised to maintain normal urine output even if these people want to eat them.




Benefits of Ginger

Benefits of Ginger

Benefits of Ginger

Ginger is a leafy shrub with yellowish-green blooms. The roots of the plant make up the ginger spice. Ginger comes from the warmer portions of Asia, such as China, Japan, and Pakistan, but is currently farmed in South American and African regions. It is also being used in medicines and food in the Middle East.

It belongs to the group of Zingiberene, and it has close ties with turmeric, galangal, and cardamom.

A portion typically employed as a spice is a rhizome (underground section of the stem). The ginger root, or simply ginger, is often termed. Ginger may be utilized as Fresh, dried, powdered, or as oil or juice. In recipes, this is a highly prevalent component. Sometimes it is added to dishes and cosmetics processing.

It’s common to use ginger, for several kinds of nausea and vomiting. It is essentially used for menstrual pain, arthritis, diabetes, and other illnesses like migraine headaches. In a study carried out in 2011 with a group of healthy middle-aged individuals it was observed that ginger can also increase attention and cognition.

Health Benefits of Ginger

1. Germs Defense

Some fresh ginger chemicals assist your body to prevent pathogens. They are particularly good in stopping bacterial growth such as E.coli or shigella, and they can also contain viruses such as RSV.

2. Maintains a healthy mouth

Your smile can also enhance Ginger’s antimicrobial properties. Gingerol active substances retain the growth of oral microorganisms. These are the same bacteria that could cause periodontal disease, a severe gum infection.

3. Soothes Nausea 

It seems that the story of ancient women can be true: Ginger helps you, particularly during pregnancy, to calm a queasy stomach. It can work if your intestines split up and remove the gas accumulated in. It could also assist to alleviate seasickness or chemotherapeutic nausea.

4. Stimulates Sore Muscles

Ginger won’t go away on-the-spot muscle agony, but over time, it can control stiffness. In several trials, persons who took ginger with muscle dolines suffered less pain than those who did not do it the next day.

5. Cures Symptoms of Simple Arthritis

Ginger is an antimicrobial, reducing swelling. This may be of particular help in the treatment of both rheumatic and osteoarthritis problems. Either eating ginger by mouth or applying a ginger punch or patch in your skin may help you with pain and swelling.

6. Reduces Cancer Growth

Some studies demonstrate that the growth of some malignancies such as colon, gastric, ovarian, liver, skin, breasts, and prostate cancer may delay in bioactive chemicals. However, much more research is necessary to confirm whether that is true.

7. Decreases Blood Sugar Level

In a recent tiny study, ginger could help your body better use insulin. Greater investigations are needed to determine whether ginger can assist increase blood sugar levels.

8. Eases Period Discomforts

Have there been menstruation cramps? Ginger powder can be of assistance. Studies have shown decreased discomfort for women who have taken 1,500 mg of ginger powder once a day for three days than for those who have not.

Though ginger is deemed safe, consult your doctors if you are pregnant before ingesting big doses.

9. Significantly reduces Body Cholesterol

A daily ginger intake could assist you to fight against your “bad” or LDL levels of cholesterol. In a recent study, persons with LDL cholesterol have decreased by an average of 30 points with 5 grams of ginger a day for 3 months.

10. Helps protect from diseases

Ginger is filled with antioxidants, anti-stress chemicals, and body DNA damage. It can assist your body combat chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular illnesses, and lung disorders, and it can support good aging.

11. Relieves Upset stomach 

Ginger may bring some help if you deal with recurrent indigestion, commonly known as dyspepsia. Ginger can clear your system more quickly before meals, allowing less time to sit and cause trouble.


How to Effectively Include Ginger in your diet?

You can use what you eat and drink to include ginger in your daily lifestyle. Here are a couple of cooked chicken and drinks:

  • Chicken with ginger.
  • Garlic-ginger chicken with cilantro and mint.
  • Spicy orange-ginger chicken.
  • Lemon-ginger chicken.
  • Fresh ginger tea.
  • Ginger root tea.
  • Malian ginger juice.


In the End.

Ginger is packed with nutrients as well as bioactive chemicals that help your body and mind strong. This is among the few superfoods worth this expression.


Healthy Benefits of Spinach

Healthy Benefits of Spinach

Healthy Benefits of Spinach

Among the green leafy vegetables, Spinach is a champion. This low-calorie food comes in numerous ways with nutrients that are excellent for your body. The benefits of Spinach may surprise you if you improve the immune system — the body’s protection against infections — and help your heart.


Hydration boosting

You might believe that the only way to drink water is to consume water and other beverages. However, food might also aid you to achieve this goal. Spinach is almost entirely water, a vegetable. Add it for additional H2O to your lunches and dinners every day.


Appetite for Curbs

Research suggests you can minimize thylakoid extracts from greens, such as spinach. This is because the appetite hormones are reduced, and the hormones are higher that will make you feel full. Thylakoids also can later cleanse your gut.


Helps Osteoporosis prevention

Spinach includes K, important for strong bones, calcium, manganese, and vitamins. Your body always gets rid of bone tissue and rebuilds it. Osteoporosis — a condition that weakens and breaks your bones easily — occurs if there are not enough new bones to replace the break-up. You have a larger odds of acquiring osteoporosis if you don’t receive adequate calcium throughout your life.


Iron anemia risk reduction

Spinach is a vegetarian supply of iron, a mineral you must help to carry oxygen to various places of your body with red blood cells. You get iron-deficiency anemia if you’ve got too little iron. You may feel weak, dizzy, and have breathing difficulties.


Strengthening the Immune System

Spinach provides vitamins and minerals that strengthen the immune system, such as vitamin E and magnesium. This system protects you from diseases causing viruses and bacteria. It also protects your body against other things, like toxins, that can injure you.


Helps in the development of children

Spinach has a lot of folates. This vitamin protects against birth abnormalities of the neural tract in newborns, such as spina bifida. Therefore, your physician may recommend you use a folic acid supplement (man-made folate version) if you are pregnant. You will also have spinach vitamin B6, which is vital in your pregnancy and after birth for the brain of your baby to mature.

Holds healthy eyes

Spinach carotenoids are lutein and zeaxanthin, which decrease your risk of long-term disorders in your eye. They lessen your chances of cataracts, for example, as with vitamin C. Tons of vitamin A from spinach are also available that assist good vision.


Tackling Free Radicals

Fruits and vegetables can produce antioxidants and spinach do too. Antioxidants reduce the harm to your cells caused by chemicals called free radicals. Diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and Parkinson’s disease may include cell damage by free radicals.


Maintains Cardiovascular Health 

Spinach is an inorganic nitrate supply whereby research suggests that your risk of heart disease may be less. Spinach Research reveals it can reduce your blood pressure and, amongst many other benefits, make your arteries less rigid. You also have spinach potassium which assists your heart to function properly.



Inflammation is part of the way your body moves when you are harmed or get in touch with a toxic substance. However, long-term swelling might be unhealthy. Eating foods such as spinach with anti-inflammatory benefits is one method to lessen your body’s inflammation.


Faster Recovery of Wound

Spinach vitamin C offers several advantages, including helping your body create collagen to mend lesions. Vitamin C also contributes to increasing your body’s absorption of the concentration of iron from plant sources that also boost the recovery process.



Many ways and health benefits can be eaten of this versatile vegetable. Discover the spinach raw for folate intake in a salad or combined into a smoothie. You can also sauté or steam spinach without getting too many of its minerals removed. Another option for soups, stews, and egg dishes is frozen spinach. Just freeze the excess water and drain it out.


In the End

Spinach is green, leafy, and nourishing.

It has proven to enhance health in various ways. This vegetable Spinach can reduce oxidative stress, improve the eye’s health, and prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Spinach is an easy meal to add to your diet if you are interested in its health enhancement potential.


1 2 3 9
Hi, How Can We Help You?