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Organ Donation in Pakistan Beliefs & Misconceptions

Organ Donation in Pakistan Beliefs & Misconceptions

 

Since the beginning, organ donation has been a controversial topic. The public opinion on the subject greatly varies where a vast majority stands in opposition to the idea of donating one’s organs. This opposition is based on different reasons including education, knowledge, socioeconomic status, and religious beliefs of the individuals.

Organ Donation & Religious Beliefs

Misconceptions

In countries like Pakistan where religion is prioritized, organ donation is rejected by most of the individuals. Many people believe that the human body is a sacred trust from God and harming it or amputating it to harvest organs is a sin. Believers believe in the reincarnation of the human body on the day of judgment therefore it would be wrong to harm the body of somebody they loved as this would interfere with the process of reincarnation. The fear of organ donation developing as an illegal trade for financial incentives also hinders the development of this concept.

Organ Donation in Islam

The teachings of Islam promote love and encourage the followers to be helpful to each other. The concept that saving a single life is synonymous with saving the entire humanity clearly states the religious standing on the matter of organ donation. Hence, there is a section that rules in the favor of organ donation claiming that helping a fellow human being by donating one’s organs is acceptable and praised by the God. This difference in opinion greatly stems from the different degrees of education and awareness.

Education Level affecting the ratio of Organ Donation

Studies have revealed that people with higher educational qualifications in favor of organ donation. They are also more knowledgeable regarding the subject, whereas people with low education condemn the act. This relates directly to the socio-economic standing of the people as those with better economic prospects are more informed and hence more open and accepting towards the idea of organ donation while those with a challenging economic background are ignorant.

Economic Development and its correlation with Organ Donation Awareness

Underdeveloped countries face the problem of a general lack of knowledge and understanding about organ donation. The current literacy rate of Pakistan is 58% (2020) and with 63.09% (2017) of the total population living in rural areas with limited facilities, exposure and understanding of organ donation are greatly lacking.

Social Reasons

Another factor influencing the organ donation decision is social acceptance. Most people refuse the concept due to opposition from relatives. Studies show that people in their 20s and 30s want to donate organs but the un-acceptance of parents or other elders in the family hinders their decisions. In a country such as Pakistan, where family values are considered sacred, taking such a step without the consent of relatives is condemned.

Conclusion

Keeping in mind all the beliefs and limitations mentioned above, it not wrong to say that Pakistan a developing country with limited resources and the main source of knowledge and awareness in this age is the television. Most people who are familiar with organ donation came to know about it through a television broadcast. Since many rural areas lack technological instruments, a vast majority is left greatly un-informed.

To convince people to donate organs, awareness must created in the remotest areas of Pakistan among all age groups and sects. People must informed and guided properly. Education must be regularized, and religion must be preached accurately.

Myths associated with Organ Donation

Myths associated with Organ Donation

 

People have many false perceptions about organ donation. The number of patients waiting for a match is increasing every single day. According to a survey, 90% of people are in favor of organ donation but only 20% made the actual arrangements for organ donation and registered themselves for donation.

We are here to bust some of the common myths which make people hesitant to become a donor. In reality, one person can save almost up to 8 lives and can make the living standard better for as many as 70 people.

Organ Donation results in the Mutilation of the Body

A team of specialists who are well trained performs these surgeries and special care is taken to not damage the dignity of the donor.

Donor’s Identity

The true identity of the donor is confidential. It is not revealed until recipients request it. A team of coordinators reveals the true identity in this case.

Religious Restrictions

Many people believe that their religion does not allow organ donation. Especially after death, it is not ethical to cut open the dead body and remove the different body parts.

All the prominent religions like Islam, Christianity and Hinduism support organ donation. Teachings of religions are following the importance of saving someone’s life. In Islam, saving one person’s life is considered equivalent to saving whole of the humanity.

Is there a need to talk to the family about becoming an organ donor?

It is important to talk to your family after becoming a donor. Most of the time relatives refuse to donate organs after the death of the donor. Registration alone is not enough to donate the organs. Similarly, after death, relatives can consent for organ donation even without registration.

Which organs to donate?

Many people think that other organs are also removed along with the organ registered for donation. This is a false belief. Only organs registered for donation are removed.

Brain-dead is like a Coma

Coma is an irreversible state and a person can get better, but brain-dead person is dead for real. Only the ventilator keeps the person breathing but that person cannot recover. So, organs can be removed conveniently because a person feels no pain.

Who are fit for organ donation?

Organ donors are screened thoroughly before declaring them fit for organ donation. If you have any serious illness or chronic disease, you may not be able to donate the organ.

Is it expensive to become a donor?

Once you decide to donate an organ, you don’t have to pay for anything. All the bills are paid by the recipient and the institution.

Who is not included in the recipients’ list?

Substance abusers are not considered eligible for receiving an organ donation until they quit the drug. In this way, no donated organ goes to waste.

Conclusion

Many people want to donate but are afraid of many superstitions surrounding this donation. To make it easy for the donors, there is a need to create awareness and clear the misconceptions. By encouraging more donations by the dead, will decrease the need for living donors. Many people die every year while waiting for the donation. This can be prevented by educating people on safe organ donation.

Organ Donation after Death

Organ Donation after Death

Organ Donation after Death

 

If you are looking for a way to keep on living in other people’s life after death, organ donation after death is one of the best ways to do so. Even though thousands of people die every passing day, not many can contribute the gift of hope to a fellow human.

What is deceased organ donation?

When a person dies under certain circumstances the consent taken for the donation of an organ from relatives. Most commonly in brain-dead people who are on a ventilator, enough time available for the donation of healthy organs.

Once a person dies, the record checked to see whether this person is registered as a donor or not. If yes, this registration is legal consent. In this case, either, organ donation is not 100% confirmed. The relatives have the right to deny the organ donation after death.

Is brain-dead person dead?

In brain-dead person, the heart keeps on beating. The patient kept on a ventilator so the oxygen supply and blood supply enough to keep the organs alive. The brain of that patient is not alive because of extensive damage and this injury is irreversible. This decision is made by a team of doctors who perform multiple tests and after a certain period, that person is declared dead.

How the organs are donated to recipients?

If the relatives give consent, arrangements for organ donation after death can be made. The team of transplant specialists performs the whole process. After donation, the information regarding the organ and the patient is put in the database. This data is matched with the data of patients in different hospitals waiting for organ donation.

After a match, the organ is transferred to the specific setting. The recipient is already in the operation theater waiting for the arrival of the organ. The transplant team replaces the surgical team. The team of doctors who does the transplantation is always different from the team caring for the patient

How specific organs are matched?

Matching of Heart

For successful transplantation of the heart, two things are important. One is the proximity of the recipient and the other is the size of the recipient. A heart can survive outside the body for 4-6 hours that’s why it is important to prioritize the nearby patient.

In addition to that, size of the recipient is also important, so that the heart can fit in the rib cage perfectly. The blood type must be the same. HLA tissue typing is also done to lessen the chances of transplant failure. The duration of waiting for an organ is equally important.

Matching of the Liver

The liver can survive outside the body for almost 12-15 hours. The recipients are assigned the scores by using two criteria. One is a model for end-stage liver disease and the other is pediatric end-stage liver disease. Patient with the highest score is given priority for donation. If the organ is not matched with the recipient, the next recipient with the second-highest score is offered the transplant.

Conclusion

Organ donation after death can minimize the need for alive donors. The organs kept in machines that provide oxygen and nutrients to keep the organs in a healthy state. The organs are transported as soon as possible by respective teams while keeping a check on the viability status of the organ.

Organ donation an insight

Organ Donation – An Insight

 

The month of April is celebrated as organ donation awareness month. Have you ever wondered how can you leave an impact after your death? Is there a way to keep living after your departure? The answer is yes, you can. By donating your organs after death, your heart may keep on singing in someone else’s chest. Your lungs may keep on spreading life in someone else’s body.

Organ donation is one of the most sacred things you can do. This gives you the power to be the source of hope and second life for a dying person. The process of removing organs from the body is done very carefully while maintaining the dignity of the body. After death, this karma will keep on benefiting you.

First of all, what is organ transplantation?

Organ transplantation means the removal of an organ from one body and its placement in another body. When any organ is damaged beyond repair it is transplanted by getting the donor organ and the person who receives it is called the recipient.

The most commonly transplanted organs are the heart, liver, pancreas, and intestine. Apart from organ, tissue transplantation is also common. Corneal transplant in case of trauma or diseased cornea, skin transplantation in burn patients is a daily practice in many settings.

Why people are reluctant to donate organs?

Social Causes

Many myths attached to organ donation. People think that government owns the donated organs. Their organs are used for research purposes in labs without their consent. That’s not true at all. Government has no authority over donated organs. Organ donation for research is another process. The donor gives written consent, allowing the concerned person to perform experiments on donated organs.

Religious Reasons

Many people think that their religion prohibits the donation of organs. It confirmed that every religion gives the message of peace and hope. Organ donation is not against religious practices. It can help save many lives. One person can be a source of a second life for almost seven patients with end-state damage to their organs.

Cosmetic Reasons

People fear that undergoing surgery for organ donation will leave them all covered with grotesque scars. The truth is that these operations are done with extreme dignity and by highly skilled surgeons. The scars are barely visible and if the donor wants plastic surgery, it can make them disappear like if they weren’t there at first.

What is organ donation after death?

When a person dies, the organs stay alive for about 30 minutes. They can be preserved for further use. In case of brain death, as a result of serious injury, the brain dies but the heart keeps on beating. After putting the patient on a ventilator, the family could be asked about the organ donation.

Conclusion

Organ donation a long-lasting and priceless gift you can give to anyone. People from different ethnicities and races need to come forward and donate because it enhances the chances of successful transplantation. In case of differences in genetics, transplant failure occurs. Deceased organ donation can easily fulfill the need and can cut off the need for living donations.

Effect of Colorectal Cancer (CRC) on Mental Health

Effect of Colorectal Cancer (CRC) on Mental Health

– Advice for newly diagnosed patients –

 

Physical illness has a direct impact on mental health like mental disturbance can cause deterioration of physical wellbeing. After the first episode of cancer and recovery, remission is the next big thing to deal with. It can awaken all the fears and doubts sleeping within. This blog is focused on the after-effects of cancer and different ways to combat them.

There are few of the basic steps you can take to maintain mental peace and strength;

Acceptance

First thing is to accept the situation and not go against it. Embrace your fears and doubts and learn to live within the present moment. Look for different support groups and therapy sessions. At present time, many online self-help sessions are also easily available.

Daily meditation and talk to a therapist can help a lot. Moderate exercise is good for mood swings and depressive spells. Making yourself busy in knowing the ways to make your life better is crucial to keep yourself away from despair.

Mindset

Anything you feed yourself has a huge impact on your physical and mental health. This feeding includes the kind of thoughts you predominantly have on your mind. Our thoughts generate certain hormones production and can invoke a physical response. They control our moods and actions.

Look for New Opportunities

Having a positive mindset and thinking optimistically can make this fight easy. Embracing your new self can help you see new horizons. You will realize the value of life and how precious every single moment is.  Develop the insight and this will help you recognize true friends.

You can become a real companion by using this power of insight by helping many people struggling with the same disease. This is the most appropriate way to keep yourself motivated by listing down all the things you want to experience. Must make a real effort to accomplish those milestones.

Healthy Eating

Feeding yourself more healthy fruits and vegetables instead of binge eating office donuts is a remarkable change. Clearing junk out of your life makes you more disciplined. You take care of people you are meeting with, the places you are visiting because it will have an impact on your health. This is a necessary hack everyone should learn.

Social Media – Be a Source of Motivation

Talking to other patients & fighters and encouraging them has a positive effect on your own resilience. It decreases the feeling of loneliness.

Medical Treatment of Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

For the initial stages, surgery is the main therapy. For late stages, surgery is followed by the chemotherapy and if required, radiotherapy can be added too. Metastatic disease, therapies directed on the liver are employed. These include ablative therapies and embolization techniques.

Conclusion

Colorectal cancer is expected to increase among young patients by 2030. Maintaining healthy thoughts has a good impact on the recovery of all young and old patients. Being a friend of a cancer patient requires a lot of courage and patience. Family members must educate themselves about the disease and the struggles their loved one is going through. Working on mental health is equally important to maintaining physical health.

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