Liver Transplant in Children
A liver transplant is considered as a last resort for patients suffering from end-stage liver diseases. And for acute and chronic liver diseases. Because of improvements in medicine, diagnosis, and technology. The pediatric patient survival rate increased. Even the youngest of children chance of surviving an end-stage liver disease. if the transplantation performed on time.
There are some common diseases in infants, and children which leads them towards liver transplantation. One of the most common ones Biliary Artesia. A disease in which the bile ducts become obstructed. And stop the bile from passing through the liver into the intestines. Wilson’s disease, a hereditary disorder in which the cooper starts to accumulate in the liver. And causes severe damage to it one of the reasons why a pediatric liver transplant needed. Sometimes, the bile ducts become narrow due to severe scarring. This disease is called Sclerosing Cholangitis that can also cure liver transplantation. Acute Liver Failure due to some drugs/medication, or toxins requires immediate liver transplantation. Genetic factors are also responsible for certain liver diseases in children such as Tyrosinemia and Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.
– Detailed Insights
The living donor selection plays an equally important role in pediatric liver transplantation as well. The person donating the liver must blood-related to the child. having a BMI of less than 35. must not any kind of acute or chronic disease. And should good physical health. The surgery takes at least six to eight hours. The damaged liver replaced with a healthy one by the surgeon. The old one sent for the examination into a laboratory.
The recovery period depends on the health condition of the child. But the hospital stays approximately 10-12 days and 14 weeks for infants. Your child sent to the Liver Intensive Care Unit. where taken care of by an expert team, of doctors and nurses, completely monitored through machines as well. About the life expectancy, the one-year pediatric liver transplant patient survival rate is 95%.